Antilope Saiga |El antílope trompudo| (Animales del Mundo) |Animales raros y dónde encontrarlos|

14 days ago
Antilope Saiga (Saiga tatarica) Redes sociales: ...

English subtitle

The following rare animal, a mammal is treading the ancient lands of what was
the USSR, and apart from their appearance, they have also suffered one of the greatest medical mysteries
veterinarians, both of which I shrank its population, which in itself its low demographics, placed
in greater danger of extinction than he was, that's mammal antelope
saiga. This artiodáctilo is endemic to Central Asia,
located in small areas of the Gobi desert in Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Kalmykia
Russia, which runs through grasslands, desert and mountainous areas with snow
of these places, land is characterized by lack of ravines, high hills and
scarcity of trees where only sparse grass growing. It has characteristics caprinas
and antiópinos, but it is the only family living exponent of this saiga was concluded
by phylogenetic studies, where their ancestors came to go to the territories
England and France to Canada, through Alaska and Russia, but the effect of
This rumiante bottleneck is currently the only one in his family.
This bovine measuring 75 to 80 centimeters tall weighing up to 45 kg, with
Mongolian subspecies smaller, presenting a rare amber coloration hue,
with a semitransparent coat when viewed up close, where the bottom of his neck
It is paler. Being a artiodáctilo has 4 fingers, two in front of the extremities
and two in opposite direction, which has glands hoof. males
They have a very long horns made up of 60 centimeters to
20 rings, being the easiest way to sex them, because females do not present
such skeleton, and has a small tail. their appearance highlighted by the nasal region,
occupying much of the head by a long nose with a hump and mobile that arrives
to surpass his lower lip, somewhat reminiscent of the elephant's trunk or the tapir, which
It helps heat the air especially in cold weather when you breathe, when they run
heads down almost to touch the ground, and prevents the nasal morphology
dust or sand into his nose, especially when a sandstorm happens that
usually it happens in the summer. are animals migrate far,
that run up to 320 kilometers in early spring, in groups of fifty to
hundred, in search of new pastures, where males are ahead making way for
the large herd, followed by the females, who are gradually gathering in giant
herds that come to count thousands of individuals that are dividing the territory in
groups of 30 to 40 males compete with each other to attract a group of females,
being a polygamous species, it reproduced with 5 to 10 females per year at the time of
breeding, which begins in the weeks late November and ended in the last
days of December, where the male is very protective of his harem and it is not uncommon for a
male kills another in fights. The female has a gestation period of 5 months where the
male stopped eating in order to protect their females, surviving reserves
which has accumulated above mind, causing high mortality 80 to 90%
of deaths in the epoaca of adult males from conception to completion
breastfeeding, perhaps for that reason, have evolutionarily formed not only this species if no other,
poliginic relationship so that a male can provide as many descendants
with its DNA, acosta of slaughter causing the offspring keep safe while
that females play a very large role to maintain a high population of them,
It is more important than the life of the male, but this is my speculation, but
I wanted to leave that hypothesis in your mind to analyze it.
when the delivery arrives, two thirds of them will be of twins, where females gather
to give birth and protected including young feed exclusively on milk
until 4 to 8 days old, which began pastoring, but breastfeeding up to 4 months
old. in captivity it has been observed that a female nurse arrives at a breeding
It did not come down from it, which has not been observed in wildlife. occasionally
are gradually migrating to escape the snow, you get to collect life
many young and while predators such as foxes and eagles can quasar
up to 10% mortality in them. 8 months while they are returning to a place with better
conditions, females come to sexual maturity, to belong to a group of male
with several females, while males mature up to 20 months, during the day
They graze at night and dig a small depression in the ground that serves to
sleep. the average life span in the wild reaches age 10, where adults
They must be protected from wolf packs, while in captivity reach the
12 years, where today the Moscow zoo and askania-nova have the privilege
to have these specimens in their enclosures and come to breed successfully.
This species is critically endangered, with an estimated population
50000 individuals, which has been weakened since the dissolution of the Soviet Union
protecting this animal poaching, where rural people are looking for a
admission to hunt them for their fur and horns that is used as a remedy in China
fever, which can each aboriginal women up to $ 4,600, depending on the size,
physical barriers prevent the passage when they migrate going up to 5 countries, where their run
I is interrupted by trenches, mining sites, pipelines and especially fences
wires to separate the territory from one country to another with in conflict,
These are trapped and starving. to combat illegal hunting can be implemented
the use of males who die while tending their females, allowing the sale of
horns and skin, where it can be shown that his death was natural realizing you one
necropsy the body, where villagers get income and thereby combat
black market, or look the way they come to breed in captivity to
restore its population and some are used for this purpose.
This species was the apex of one of the greatest medical mysteries and one of the most
large mass deaths in a species, that in the period from 2014 to 2015, hundreds
of thousands of saiga began to fall dead, almost entirely decimating the population
who lived in the desert Betpak-dala, Kazakhstan, nicknamed the desert in your language
hunger, where about 200000 individuals were charged, putting on a massive risk their
status worrisome extinction. at first cause was unknown, but an analysis
deeper at necropsy a causative agent hayo, the Pasteurella multocida, which
thought were infected by eating grass with the bacterium that was disseminated by
rains that led to sepsis and hemorrhage place that many specimens were collected.
as a means of prevention is working to vaccinate most of the specimens,
against the disease, so that this does not lead to extinction of the species.
a unique mammal, which disappears conditions out of our hands and
as we are concerned they have only accelerated their fearsome fate has accelerated its precarious condition,
we hope the efforts will bear fruit and can correct the fate of this species,
That is the saiga antelope. I hope this video has been to his liking, if
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